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Frequently Asked Questions
As a 10-point eligible, you may file an application at any time for any position that was filled on a non-temporary basis in the preceding 3 years provided that a register (list) of eligible’s is maintained that is closed to new applications; or if a register is about to be established. If you want to apply after the closing date of the vacancy announcement you should contact the agency that announced the position for further information.
No. veterans' preference does not apply to appointments using VEOA.
You are a 5 point preference eligible if your active duty service meets any of the
• 180 or more consecutive days, any part of which occurred during the period beginning September 11, 2001 and ending on a future date prescribed by Presidential proclamation or law as the last date of Operation Iraqi Freedom, OR
• Between August 2, 1990 and January 2, 1992, OR
• 180 or more consecutive days, any part of which occurred after January 31, 1955 and before October 15, 1976, OR
• In a war, campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge has been authorized or between April 28, 1952 and July 1, 1955.
You are a 10 point preference eligible if you served at any time, and you:
• Have a service connected disability, OR received a Purple Heart.
If you are still not sure of your preference eligibility, visit the Department of Labor's Veterans' Preference Advisor at: http://www.dol.gov/elaws/vets/vetpref/mservice.htm.
In general, veterans' preference eligibility is based on dates of active duty service, receipt of a campaign badge, Purple Heart, or a service-connected disability. Only veterans discharged or released from active duty in the armed forces under honorable conditions (honorable or general discharge) are eligible for veterans' preference. If you are not sure of your preference eligibility, visit https://www.fedshirevets.gov/job/vetpref/index.aspx
There are basically three types of preference eligible, disabled (10 point preference eligible), non-disabled (5 point preference eligible) and sole survivorship preference (0 point preference eligible).
Yes. There is no limit to the number of times you can use veterans' preference.
Yes – You can request a Statement of Service through your Military Personnel Office. The Statement of Service will need to list your dates of military service, character of service, and expected date of separation. If you have been awarded a service-connected disability rating from your branch of military service, include the disability rating in your Statement of Service.
No. You may not receive veterans’ preference in Federal employment as the spouse of a veteran if the veteran is living and qualified for Federal employment.
Maybe. Eligibility for veterans’ preference in Federal employment is dependent on military service dates or service connected disability. The Feds Hire Vets website (www.fedshirevets.gov
) provides guidance on veterans’ preference and special hiring authorities for veterans.
No. There is no limit on how many times you can apply and claim an entitlement to veterans' preference. However, it is important to remember that veterans' preference does not apply when the agency is using merit promotion procedures to fill a position.
You are a 5 point preference eligible if your active duty service meets any of the following:
- 180 or more consecutive days, any part of which occurred during the period beginning September 11, 2001 and ending on a future date prescribed by Presidential proclamation or law as the last date of Operation Iraqi Freedom, OR
- Between August 2, 1990 and January 2, 1992, OR
- 180 or more consecutive days, any part of which occurred after January 31, 1955 and before October 15, 1976, OR
- In a war, campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge has been authorized or between April 28, 1952 and July 1, 1955.
You are a 10 point preference eligible if you served at any time, and you:
- have a service connected disability, OR
- received a Purple Heart.
If you are still unsure on your ability to claim veterans' preference eligibility, you may also visit the Department of Labor's Veterans' Preference Advisor at http://www.dol.gov/elaws/vets/vetpref/mservice.htm.
Congress determines eligibility for veterans’ preference through law in title 5, United States Code, Section 2108 ( 5 USC 2108). However, the Federal agency to which a veteran applies for employment will adjudicate claims for veterans’ preference. The agency will request a copy of your DD-214, Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty, or other acceptable documentation in order to adjudicate claims for veterans' preference
for information pertaining to replacement of SF-50 or contact the agency you worked for Human Resources Office for assistance.
The agency to which you are applying for Federal employment will secure the signature of the Appointing Officer. Be sure to submit a SF-15, to include supporting documentation with your completed application.
You can request a letter certifying that you have a service-connected disability from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). To request the letter call VA at 1-800-827-1000. Or visit www.ebenefits.gov
to obtain information.
The SF-15 is used by Federal agencies and OPM examining offices to adjudicate an individual’s claims for veterans' preference. Veterans and certain family members who claim 10-point preference must fill out and submit the SF-15, to include supporting documentation when applying for Federal positions
The SF-15 and any other requested documentation should be submitted with your complete application to the agency where you are applying for Federal employment.
Federal Job Search
Yes – Veteran Employment Program Offices (VEPO) are located at 24 Federal agencies in the Executive Branch of Government. These offices are responsible for promoting Veterans' recruitment, employment, training and development, and retention within their respective agencies. Veterans are encouraged to contact these offices for specific information on employment opportunities in those agencies. A complete listing of Federal agency VEPO's is located on the Feds Hire Vets website http://www.fedshirevets.gov/AgencyDirectory/index.aspx
Visit the Feds Hire Vets Website www.fedshirevets.gov
a one-stop resource for Federal employment information for veterans.
You should contact a VA Regional Veterans Employment Coordinator (RVEC) on www.va.gov/vecs/
. These VA representatives provide direct, hands-on assistance to Veterans seeking employment or visit VA for Vets website which facilitates the reintegration, retention and hiring of Veteran employees at the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) at: http://vaforvets.va.gov/Pages/default.aspx
Most positions within the Federal government can be found on the USAJOBS website: www.usajobs.gov
additionally, individual agency websites may list employment opportunities.
If you have questions about a particular USAJOBS job opportunity announcement, you should contact the point of contact listed on the job opportunity announcement.
No. Such an employee remains subject to time-in-grade restrictions.
You should contact the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs or one of the many Veteran Service Organizations for assistance in filing for claims of disability and benefits. http://www.vba.va.gov/bln/21/compensation/
You may file a complaint with the Department of Labor's Veterans Employment and Training Service. This is the agency designated by law, to investigate violations of veterans’ preference. Information on how to file a complaint may be found at:
If you believe you have a complaint regarding discrimination, you may file a complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission web site found at www.eeoc.gov
provides information on filing a discrimination complaint.
Complaints alleging prohibited personnel practices should be directed to the Office of Special Counsel (OSC). OSC receives, investigates, and prosecutes allegations of prohibited personnel practices. Information can be found at www.osc.gov
No. While OPM provides government-wide leadership on Federal programs and policies, OPM does not investigate individual complaints alleging prohibited personnel practices. Complaints alleging prohibited personnel practices and retaliation should be directed to the Office of Special Counsel (OSC). OSC receives, investigates, and prosecutes allegations of prohibited personnel practices and can be visited at www.osc.gov
In the Federal Government, layoffs are called reduction in force (RIF) actions. When an agency must abolish positions, the RIF regulations determine whether an employee keeps his or her present position, or whether the employee has a right to a different position. For additional information visit http://www.opm.gov/rif/general/rifguide.asp
Looking for information regarding pay, leave, employment, retirement benefits, or something else?
Please take a look at the Office of Personnel Management's Frequently Asked Questions.